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Cogito is a concept grounded on Descartes assertion that ‘I think, therefore, I am.’ This argument posits that the act of thinking guarantees our existence. At the very least, one cannot doubt an existing doubt. The human power of rationality guarantees that an individual should at the very least admit existence of thoughts. This also leads to admitting an existence of one’s persona. However, Descartes’ arguments are founded on his ancient views on the world. In modern philosophy, considerable arguments and discussion have been developed to the contrary. However, this paper asserts the truth of Descartes’ arguments, within the context of modern philosophy. A modern reconstruction of the cogito argument should reveal its significance to contemporary philosophy and life.
Cogito is viewed as a bloated concept in modern philosophy. As such, approaching its arguments is difficult and many a philosopher has conceded to these demands. In this paper, a modularization of the arguments is paramount to its study. To this effect, a simpler form has to be developed. Therefore, one must admit the existence of doubt. However, radical arguments have been made that what we perceive as doubt may not necessarily be true doubt. To prove the truth in cogito, we must therefore advance the view of doubts in the context of presentations. Thus, cogito must be redefined in the context of things that present themselves as doubt. This here is a clarification. It has not altered the substance of cogito in any manner.
As proven that doubt exists, we can therefore also posit the existence of conscious acts. This view is based on the ideal that doubts themselves are conscious acts. It takes human effort to rationalize an issue and doubt it. However, this argument is still remote to Descartes final view that ‘I think, therefore, I am.’ This demands an exploration of cogito beyond conscious acts. To that effect, we may perform an exploration of what I constitutes in Descartes’ perspective. Here, three personas emerge. These are the actual self, the thinking self and the self in first person.