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Anticompetitive Mergers: A Case Study

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Anticompetitive Mergers

Simpson, J. & Hosken, D. (1998). Are retailing mergers anticompetitive? An event study analysis (No. 216). Diane Publishing.

According to the article, antitrust laws in the US have varied overtime with the current laws being lenient on some of the mergers in the contemporary economy. Most supermarket mergers were found to increase product prices especially in concentrated markets. This view is explored as a common belief but should be dispensed since anticompetitive retail mergers mostly depend on market concentration.

Shapiro, C. (2010). The 2010 horizontal merger guidelines: From hedgehog to fox in forty years. Antitrust Law Journal, 77(1), 49-107.

One of the fundamental considerations emphasized by the department of justice in approving mergers is the ultimate market share from the merger. The agencies frequently use annual revenues and subsequent market changes to determine the companies’ market shares. Firms that amalgamate to form a substantial market share that may exert undue influence in the market are discouraged.

Hackbarth, D., & Miao, J. (2012). The dynamics of mergers and acquisitions in oligopolistic industries. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 36(4), 585-609

The article considers the industry dynamics of merging companies to be more effective when assessing mergers and acquisitions. These dynamics include the returns to the rival and merging companies, gains from the merger and the timing or terms of the merger. Exploring these issues in the case study will reveal the economic soundness of the merger.

Gual, J. (2007). Time to rethink merger policy? Competition Policy International, 3(1).

The report highlights unilateral effects theory as the efficient conceptual and practical framework for assessing mergers. The behaviour of companies before the merger is unimportant and the article proposes the behaviour after the merger to be more important. However, this theory is found to be practically inconsistent with the antitrust guidelines in the US since it has economic foundations than legal ones.

Ashenfelter, O., & Hosken, D. (2008). The effect of mergers on consumer prices: evidence from five selected case studies (No. w13859). National Bureau of Economic Research.

The authors assert that a significant number of mergers are filed and approved annually, while a small number of these are rejected due to their propensity to increase consumer prices. The models used in the US look at the incentives that a merger has to influence prices of products. Under these regulations, firms that have close substitutes will often have a reason to increase their prices.

 

 

References

Ashenfelter, O., & Hosken, D. (2008). The effect of mergers on consumer prices: evidence from five selected case studies (No. w13859). National Bureau of Economic Research.

Gual, J. (2007). Time to rethink merger policy? Competition Policy International, 3(1).

Hackbarth, D., & Miao, J. (2012). The dynamics of mergers and acquisitions in oligopolistic industries. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 36(4), 585-609

Shapiro, C. (2010). The 2010 horizontal merger guidelines: From hedgehog to fox in forty years. Antitrust Law Journal, 77(1), 49-107.

Simpson, J. & Hosken, D. (1998). Are retailing mergers anticompetitive? An event study analysis (No. 216). Diane Publishing.

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Originally posted 2017-08-11 00:11:40.

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